Regarding the short native territory out of Guna Yala regarding Panama’s east coastline, a thriving ‘third gender’ area are defying stereotypes – and you can venerating women.
Our very own Unique World
Because the old, rickety sailboat glides without difficulty along side peaceful seas of Caribbean, I’m weighed down from the impression we have simply arrived in heaven. Scattered across the turquoise blue waters, the tiny isles off glistening white mud, safeguarded for the hand trees and you can environmentally friendly coconuts, search also primary to be true.
This really is Guna Yala, called San Blas: an archipelago away from Panama’s eastern coastline which includes more than 3 hundred isles, forty two of which was populated of the native Guna people. More than fifty,000 good, the latest Gunas however live as their ancestors did, hold into the short solid wood shacks wrapped in hand makes, that have logs smouldering on the fires and hammocks representing truly the only seats.
Guna Yala try outrageous in many ways: it’s an autonomous indigenous area, and its flag sports a black, left-facing swastika, believed to show the four guidelines while the production of the fresh industry. However, even the most interested traditions within the Guna Yala was its absolute gender equality – and you will over endurance, if not occasion, away from gender fluidity.
“My personal mother trained me personally how to make these types of beautiful molas, all of our conventional embroidered attire,” Lisa told you, proving me their particular unbelievable needlework. “These show birds and pets, but some are particularly strong – they will certainly protect you from worst spirits,” she extra, cheerful gently.
To own an enthusiastic onlooker just like me, i don’t have things strange throughout the Lisa. Like a great many other Guna feminine, she’s seated in her own brief dug-aside kayak and you will offering their own stunning handicrafts to help you visitors ships. Except Lisa came to be an effective child. Into the a people where women are a portion of the dining distributors, homeowners and you may choice providers, boys might want to become Omeggid, actually ‘including a great woman’, in which they work and you will work like many ladies in the community.
This ‘3rd gender’ is actually an entirely regular sensation for the isles. In the event the a boy begins indicating a tendency on the pretending ‘female’, the household naturally accepts and you may allows your to enhance right up while the eg. Very often, Omeggid will discover an art that is normally regarding the women; such, very Omeggid living toward countries become pros during the crafting the new very outlined molas.
Diego Madi Dias, an anthropologist and you will article-doctoral specialist at the University out of Sao Paulo, stayed one of many Guna for over 2 yrs possesses seen first-hands your strong matriarchal figures when you look at the Guna community try a beneficial significant affect the fresh new Guna men.
“New Guna possess taught me one people must have enough self-reliance, as his or her ‘self’ comes from the heart, from the inside, and you will initiate manifesting very early. So if a male kids starts proving a tendency towards the becoming transgender, (s)they are not avoided getting himself,” the guy said.
Their ‘self’ comes from one’s heart, from within
Nandin Solis Garcia, an excellent transgender fitness instructor and LGBTQ liberties activist into the Panama Town, to start with in the Aggwanusadub and you may Yandub isle groups of Guna Yala, told me that broadening right up as the a great gay, gender-fluid man was not tough for the countries because she usually had the assistance off her family relations, relatives and you can people. It’s mostly men that end up being transgender feminine – feminine changes in order to men have become rare, nevertheless latter would be equally acknowledged, she said.
“Discover essential manufacturing tales concerning the completely new leaders whom introduced the fresh life style, regulations and you can assistance with the Guna visitors to alive because of the: a guy named Ibeorgun, their brother Gigadyriai along with his little aunt Wigudun – a https://kissbrides.com/hr/vruce-somalijske-zene/ statistic one to belonged from what we could possibly call the new ‘third gender’,” Dias said, explaining you to Wigudun is actually male and female.
Diego Madi Dias: “If a masculine baby initiate exhibiting a tendency to your becoming transgender, (s)he’s perhaps not avoided become himself” (Credit: Paul Stewart)
Taking walks on the roadways towards the Crab Area, one of the biggest communities in the touristic section of Guna Yala, I find feminine every where. Wear wondrously stitched conventional clothing, they’ve been working on its handicrafts, tending small sites and you can selling as well as beverages. Contrary to a number of other Main American places, Guna female check a lot more outgoing and chatty: hitting right up a discussion here is easier than in the newest streets away from Guatemalan otherwise Nicaraguan villages.
Predicated on David, my publication into Crab Isle, feamales in Guna Yala see a greater reputation. A traditional Guna relationships includes a great ceremonial abduction of bridegroom, perhaps not the fresh fiance, of course, if an early on people are married off, he movements to the bride’s house. From that point on, their really works is one of the female’s family unit members, and it is the fresh new lady exactly who decides if their own spouse is express his fish, coconuts or plantains with his very own mothers otherwise siblings.
Even the partying here, David told you, is done so you’re able to honour women: the 3 most important celebrations throughout the Guna Yala isles is actually a great girl’s beginning, their own adolescence and her wedding. The complete people gathers to drink chicha, a strong regional beer, to celebrate girlhood and womanhood. For the adolescence celebration, a great girl’s septum is pierced and you may adorned which have a fantastic ring.
“Silver are benefits, therefore women don gold to show how precious and beneficial it try,” an elderly Guna woman said, leading at her very own wonderful nose-ring.